Jared Ledgard presents

The Preparatory Manual of Chemical Warfare Agents Third Edition

Product Details:

ISBN: 9780578104782
Copyright: Jared Ledgard (Standard Copyright License)
Edition: Third Edition
Publisher: UVKCHEM
Published: May 15, 2012
Language: English
Pages: 635
Binding: Perfect-bound Paperback
Interior Ink: Black & white
Weight: 3.94 lbs.
Dimensions (inches): 8.5 wide x 11 tall

The Preparatory Manual of Chemical Warfare Agents Third Edition is a massive and incredible upgrade to "A Laboratory History of Chemical Warfare Agents, Second Edition". and it's original title has been re-established. The book includes many upgraded information on existing warfare agents including updated molecular formulas, with new 3D molecules, molecular data, and new methods of preparation. This third edition includes brand new chapters and sections including a chapter discussing the complete preparation, data, info, and proper administration of nerve agent antidotes; a huge section on the preparation of potential and experimental warfare agents (nerve agents), including a valuable section and chapter on the complete preparation, data, and info of nerve agent intermediates, which will discuss the backbones needed to prepare almost any type of nerve agent; a section and chapter on the complete preparation, data, and info on the ultimate incapacitating agent BZ and military weaponization; a complete and in depth section and chapter on the extraction, preparation, isolation, and military weaponization of Ricin; and a upgrade to methods of chemical dissemination and use of warfare agents including chemical warfare munitions. No other book on the market will ever compare to this edition. This edition will cover every aspect of chemical warfare agents from top to bottom, and will redefine the distinct, crucial, and elite information that is the art of chemical warfare chemistry and laboratory preparations. A perfect edition for researchers and for reference purposes, or just for people with a curiosity to know. The Preparatory Manual of Chemical Warfare Agents Third Edition is a valuable laboratory and training manual with over 630 pages and over 100 illustrations.

Chapter 1: Laboratory tutorial on techniques and procedures
Lab safety
Familiarization with laboratory glassware and equipment
Laboratory glassware
Laboratory equipment
Methods of heating
1) Free flame
2) Steam bath, or water bath
3) Oil bath
4) Electric Heating Mantles
5) Hot Plates
Methods of Cooling
1) Cold water bath
2) Ice water bath
3) Standard ice bath
4) Salt/ice bath
5) Dry ice/acetone bath
Cooling tricks of the trade
1) The right funnel and size must be chosen first
2a) Performing the extraction of a liquid mixture
2b) Extracting a solid substance such as plant, root, seed, ect.,
3) How to properly vent the separatory funnel after the shaking
4) How to properly drain the funnel
Working example for extracting a liquid chemical reaction mixture:
Working example on extracting a solid substance such as a plant, seed, ect:
Specialty extracting process: “Salting Out”
Recrystallization, product recovery, and filtration
1) General recrystallization utilizing heat only
Working example of recrystallization using heat only
2) Recrystallization using seed crystals
3) Recovering the product through low heat and vacuum
1) Gravity filtration
Fluting Filter Paper
2) Vacuum Filtration
Washing liquids and solids
Drying agents and drying liquids
1) Anhydrous sodium sulfate
2) Anhydrous magnesium sulfate
3) Calcium chloride
1) Short path atmospheric distillation
2) Fractional atmospheric distillation
3) Standard atmospheric distillation
4) Vacuum distillation
5) Steam Distillation
Chapter 2: Reference guide
Chapter 3: Physical Nature of Lachrymator, disabling, and irritant substances
Physical properties of riot control, disabling, and irritant agents
Mechanism of body action
Signs and symptoms
Chapter 4: Preparation of Lachrymator, disabling, and irritant substances
04-001. Chloropicrin. Nitrochloroform. Acquinite. Trichloronitromethane; Picfume
Procedure 04-001A: Preparation of Chloropicrin
Procedure 04-001B: Preparation of Chloropicrin
04-002. Bromopicrin. Nitrobromoform. BromoAcquinite. Tribromonitromethane; Picfume bromide
Procedure 04-002A: Preparation of Bromopicrin
04-003. DA. Diphenylchloroarsine
Procedure 04-003A: Preparation of Diphenylchloroarsine
04-004. DM. Adamsite. Phenarsazine chloride. Diphenylaminechloroarsine; 10-Chloro-5,10-dihydrophenarsazine
Procedure 04-004A: Preparation of Adamsite
04-005. CA. Chloroacetone. 1-Chloro-2-propanone;
Procedure 04-005A: Preparation of Chloroacetone
04-006. DCA. Dichloroacetone. 1,1-Dichloro-2-propanone; 1,1-dichloroacetone
Procedure 04-006A: Preparation of Dichloroacetone
04-007. BC. Bromoacetone. 1-Bromo-2-propanone;
Procedure 04-007A: Preparation of Bromoacetone
04-008. DIIMINE. DIM. N,N’-bis-Isopropylethylenediimine
Procedure 04-008A: Preparation of DIIMINE
04-009. CS. o-Chlorobenzalmalononitrile; b,b-dicyano-o-chlorostyrene; o-Chlorobenzylidenemalononitrile
Procedure 04-009A: Preparation of CS
04-010. CN. Chloroacetophenone. MACE. 2-Chloro-1-phenylethanone; 2-Chloroacetophenone
Procedure 04-010A: Preparation of CN
04-011. BBC. Bromobenzylcyanide. Camite. a-Bromobenzeneacetonitrile; a-Bromo-a-tolunitrile
Procedure 04-011A: Preparation of BBC
Chapter 5: Physical Nature of Blood Agents
I. Cyanides
Physical properties (hydrogen cyanide)
Mechanism of action within the body
Signs and symptom of exposure
Administration of cyanide antidotes
II. Cyanogens
Physical properties
Mechanism of action within the body
Signs and symptoms of exposure
III. Arsines
Physical properties
Mechanism of action within the body
Signs and symptoms of exposure
IV. Phosgene
Physical properties of phosgene
Mechanism of action within the body
Signs and symptoms
Chapter 6: The Preparation of blood agents
06-001. AC. Hydrogen cyanide. Hydrocyanic acid; Prussic acid; Blausaure
Procedure 06-001A: Preparation of Hydrogen cyanide (cyanide process)
Procedure 06-001B: Preparation of Hydrogen cyanide (ferrocyanide process)
06-002. CA. Cyanogen. Ethanedinitrile; dicyan; oxalic acid dinitrile; Dicyanide
Procedure 06-002A: Preparation of Cyanogen (hydrogen cyanide process)
06-003. CK. Cyanogen chloride. Chlorine cyanide
Procedure 06-003A: Preparation of Cyanogen Chloride (chlorine process)
Procedure 06-003B: Preparation of Cyanogen Chloride (modified chlorine process)
06-004. BC. Cyanogen bromide. Bromine cyanide
Procedure 06-004A: Preparation of Cyanogen Bromide
Procedure 06-004B: Preparation of Cyanogen Bromide
06-005. Arsine. Arsenic hydride; Hydrogen arsenide
Procedure 06-005A: Preparation of Arsine
06-006. VS. Vinylarsine. Trivinylarsenic; Tris(vinyl)arsine
Procedure 06-006A: Preparation of Vinylarsine
06-007. Phosgene. Carbonyl chloride. Carbonic dichloride; chloroformyl chloride
Procedure 06-007A: Preparation of Phosgene (liquid chlorine process)
Procedure 06-007B: Preparation of Phosgene (carbon process)
Chapter 7: Physical Nature of Blister agents
I. Mustard agents
Physical and Chemical properties
Mechanism of action
Toxicity of the mustards
Treatment of mustard lesions
Secondary infections as a result of mustard agent exposure
Long term effects of mustard exposure
II. Arsenicals
Physical and chemical characteristics
Mechanism of action in the body
Body effects
General treatment
III. Phosgene oxime
Physical properties of phosgene oxime
Protection and decontamination
Mechanism of action
Physical effects
Chapter 8: Preparation of Blister Agents
08-001. Sulfur Mustard. Mustard gas. Kampfstoff. Yperite; 2,2’-Dichlorodiethyl sulfide; bis(beta-chloroethyl)sulfide
Procedure 08-001A: Preparation of Mustard gas (levinstein process)
Procedure 08-001B: Preparation of Mustard gas (modified levinstein process)
Procedure 08-001C: Preparation of Mustard gas (sodium sulfide process)
08-002. Sulfur Mustard-II. Mustard gas II. 2,2’-Dichlorodipropryl sulfide; bis(beta-chloropropryl)sulfide
Procedure 08-002A: Preparation of Mustard gas II (sodium sulfide process)
08-003. MD. Methyldichloroarsine
Procedure 08-003A: Preparation of Methyldichloroarsine
08-004. ED. Ethyldichloroarsine page 149
Procedure 08-004A: Preparation of Ethyldichloroarsine
Procedure 08-004B: Preparation of Ethyldichloroarsine
08-005. Lewisite. 2-Chlorovinyldichloroarsine. (2-Chloroethenyl)arsenous dichloride; Chlorovinylarsine dichloride
Procedure 08-005A: Preparation of Lewisite
Procedure 08-005B: Preparation of Lewisite (modified process)
08-006. PD. Phenyldichloroarsine
Procedure 08-006A: Preparation of Phenyldichloroarsine
08-007. AS-20. Distilled Arsine mixture. Phenyldichloroarsine/Diphenylchloroarsine mixture
Procedure 08-007A: Preparation of AS-20
08-008. HN1. N-ethyl-2,2'di(chloroethyl) amine; N,N-bis(2-chloroethyl)ethanamine; 2,2’,-dichlorodiethyethylamine
Procedure 08-008A: Preparation of HN1
Procedure 08-008B: Preparation of HN1 (sulfur/chlorine process)
08-009. HN2. N-methyl-2,2'di(chloroethyl) amine; N,N-bis(2-chloroethyl)methamine; 2,2’,-dichlorodiethymethylamine
Procedure 08-009A: Preparation of HN2
Procedure 08-009B: Preparation of HN2 (sulfur/chlorine process)
08-10. HN3. tris(beta-chloroethyl)amine; 2-Chloro-N,N-bis(2-chloroethyl)ethaneamine; 2,2’,2”-Trichlorotriethylamine
Procedure 08-010A: Preparation of HN3
Procedure 08-010B: Preparation of HN3 (sulfur/chlorine process)
08-011. HN4. tris(beta-chlorobutyl)amine; 2-Chloro-N,N-bis(2-chlorobutyl)butaneamine; 2,2’,2”-Trichlorotributylamine
Procedure 08-011A: Preparation of HN4
Procedure 08-011B: Preparation of HN4 (sulfur/chlorine process)
08-012. CX. Phosgene oxime; Dichloroformoxime; Hornet gas; Nettle gas
Procedure 08-012A: Preparation of Phosgene oxime
Chapter 9: Physical Nature of Nerve agents
Chemical nature
Environmental persistence
Toxicity: Mechanisms of action
Symptoms from exposure
Methods of body entry and potential fates of exposure thereto
Behavioral effects of nerve agent exposure
Combined effects of nerve agents with other warfare agents
Potential pretreatment of personnel
Chronic exposure
Delayed affects
Acute effects
Exposure to high concentrations of nerve agent
Long term affects after recovery
Short term exposure with unknown concentrations (through inhalation)
Short-term exposure to unknown concentrations (through eye and skin contact)
Intermediate syndromes
Summary and conclusion
Chapter 10: Preparation of Nerve Agents
10-001. Sarin. GB; Trilon 46; Isopropylmethylphosphonofluoridate; Isopropoxymethylphosphoryl fluoride; propan-2-yl methylphosphonofluoridate page 201
Procedure 10-001A: Preparation of Sarin (sodium fluoride process)
Procedure 10-001B: Preparation of Sarin (preferred procedure)
Procedure 10-001C: Preparation of Sarin (modified sodium fluoride process)
Procedure 10-001D: Preparation of Sarin (Grignard/alcohol process using phosphoryl dichlorofluoride), new preferred method of preparation patent pending by Jared Ledgard. page 211
Procedure 10-001D: The preparation of Sarin
10-002. Thiosarin. GS. Sulfur sarin. Isopropylethylthiophosphorusfluoridate; Isopropoxyethylthiophosphorus fluoride; O-isopropyl methylphosphonofluoridothioate; O-propan-2-yl methylphosphonofluoridothioate page 214
Procedure 10-002A: Preparation of Thiosarin
Procedure 10-002B: Preparation of Thiosarin (New operation, and most preferred)
Procedure 10-002B: The preparation of Thiosarin
10-003. ChloroSarin. ClGB; Isopropylmethylphosphonochloridate; Isopropoxymethylphosphoryl chloride;
Procedure 10-003A: Preparation of Chlorosarin
10-004. Sarin-Ethyl. GBE. Sarin-II. Isopropylethylphosphonofluoridate; Isopropoxyethylphosphoryl fluoride;
Procedure 10-004A: Preparation of Sarin-ethyl
Procedure 10-004B: Preparation of Sarin-ethyl (sodium fluoride process)
10-005. FluoroTabun Hydrochloride. FTH. Dimethylamidoethoxyphosphoryl fluoride-Hydrochloride; N-Dimethylphosphoramidofluoridate-Hydrochloride page 229
Procedure 10-005A: Preparation of FluoroTabun Hydrochloride
10-006. Tabun. GA. Dimethylamidoethoxyphosphoryl cyanide; N-Dimethylphosphoramidocyanidate
Procedure 10-006A: Preparation of Tabun (preferred process)
Procedure 10-006B: Preparation of Tabun
Procedure 10-006C: Preparation of Tabun (new preferred process)
Procedure 10-006C: The preparation of Tabun
10-007. NPF. Neopentylene phosphoryl fluoridate; Neopentylene fluorophosphate
Procedure 10-007A: Preparation of NPF
10-008. Sarin-isopropyl. GBI. Sarin-III. Isopropyl-2-propylphosphonofluoridate; Isopropoxy-2-propylphosphoryl fluoride; page 243
Procedure 10-008A: Preparation of Sarin-isopropyl
Procedure 10-008B: Preparation of Sarin-isopropyl (sodium fluoride process)
10-009. Cyclosarin. GF. O-Cyclohexylmethylfluorophosphonate; CMPF
Procedure 10-009A: Preparation of Cyclosarin (standard sodium fluoride process)
Procedure 10-009B: Preparation of Cyclosarin (preferred procedure)
Procedure 10-009C: Preparation of Cyclosarin (New process, preferred procedure)
Procedure 10-009C: The preparation of Cyclosarin
10-010. ThioTabun. GAA. Diethylamidoethoxythiophosphorus cyanide; N-Diethylthiophosphoroamidocyanidate
Procedure 10-010A: Preparation of Thiotabun
10-011. Soman. GD. Trilon. Pinacolyl methylphosphonofluoridate; Methylphosphonofluoridic acid 1,2,2-tri-methylpropyl ester. page 262
Procedure 10-011A: Preparation of Soman (sodium fluoride process)
Procedure 10-011B: Preparation of Soman (preferred process)
Procedure 10-011C: Preparation of Soman (modified sodium fluoride process)
Procedure 10-011D: Preparation of Soman (New process, most preferred)
Procedure 10-011D: The preparation of Soman
10-012. NPSF. Neopentylene thiophosphorus fluoridate; Neopentylene fluorophosponothioate
Procedure 10-012A: Preparation of NPSF page 275
10-013. Tabun-II. GAA. Diethylamidoethoxyphosphoryl cyanide; N-Diethylphosphoramidocyanidate
Procedure 10-013A: Preparation of Tabun-II
10-014. ThioSoman. GDS. ThioTrilon. Pinacolyl methylthiophosphorusfluoridate; Methylthiophosphorusfluoridic acid 1,2,2-tri-methylpropyl ester. page 281
Procedure 10-014A: Preparation of Thiosoman
10-015. ChloroSoman. GDCl. ChloroTrilon. 1,2,2-tri-methylpropyl methylphosphonchloridoate.
Procedure 10-015A: Preparation of Chlorosoman
10-016. VX. TX-60; S-(2-diisopropylaminoethyl)-O-ethyl methylphosphonothiolate; O-ethyl S-[2-(diisopropylamino)ethyl]methylphosphonothioate; Methylphosphonothioic acid S-[2-[bis(1-methylethyl)amino]ethyl] O-ethyl ester; page 288
Procedure 10-016A: Preparation of VX
Procedure 10-016B: Preparation of VX (New process, most preferred)
Procedure 10-016B: The preparation of VX
10-017. IIVX. Sub-VX; S-(2-dimethylaminomethyl)-O-ethyl methylphosphonothiolate; O-ethyl S-[2-(dimethylamino)methyl]methylphosphonothioate; page 298
Procedure 10-017A: Preparation of IIVX
Procedure 10-017B: Preparation of IIVX (New process, most preferred)
Procedure 10-017B: The preparation of IIVX
10-018. V-sub x. O-Ethyl 2-ethylthioethyl methylphosphonothioate
Procedure 10-018A: Preparation of V-sub x
Procedure 10-018B: Preparation of V-sub x (New process, most preferred)
Procedure 10-018B: The preparation of V-Sub x page 310
Chapter 11: Preparation of Nerve Agent Antidotes page 313
11-001. 2-PAM Chloride; 2-[(hydroxyimino)methyl]-1-methylpyridinium chloride; (E)-1-(1-chloro-1-methyl-1l5-pyridin-2-yl)-N-hydroxymethanimine page 315
Procedure 11-001A: The preparation of 2-PAM Chloride (Note: this procedure includes the full syntheses of the main important intermediate pyridine-2-aldoxime) page 316
Procedure 11-001B: The preparation of 2-PAM Chloride
Procedure 11-001C: The preparation of 2-PAM Chloride
11-002. 2-PAM; 2-pyridine aldoxime methiodide; Pyridine-2-aldoxime methiodide; (E)-N-hydroxy-1-(1-iodo-1-methyl-1l5-pyridin-2-yl)methanimine page 326
Procedure 11-002A: The preparation of 2-PAM
11-003. DPAM-Chloride; 1-methyl-1,6-dihydropyridine-2-aldoxime hydrochloride; 1-chloro-6-[(E)-(methoxyimino)methyl]-1-methyl-1,2-dihydropyridinium page 328
Procedure 11-003A: The preparation of DPAM-Chloride
11-004. HI-6; 1-(2-hydroxyiminomethyl-1-pyridino)-3-(4-carbamoyl-1-pyridino)-2-oxapropane dimethanesulfonate
Procedure 11-004A: The preparation of HI-6
11-005. Atropine; 8-methyl-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]oct-3-yl 3-hydroxy-2-phenylpropanoate
Procedure 11-005A: The preparation of Atropine
Chapter 12: The preparation of experimental specialty quaternary “nitrogen ion" chemical warfare nerve agents
12-001. Pybiapicmethyl dibromide; Chemical agent 4.692.530.01. bis{a-[(3-dimethylcarbamoxy-a-picolinyl)pyrrolidinio]}-4,4’-biacetophenone dibromide page 353
Procedure 12-001: Preparation of Pybiapicmethyl dibromide
12-002. 3-Carboxmethyl dibromide; Chemical agent 4-692-530-02. bis{a-[(3-dimethylcarbamoxyphenyl)methylamino]}-4,4’-biacetophenone dimethobromide page 357
Procedure 12-002: Preparation of 3-Carboxmethyl dibromide
12-003. 3-Carbpicolinyloxy dibromide; Chemical agent 4-686-293-01. Agent 1-10. 1,10-Bis[(3-dimethylcarbamoxy-a-picolinyl)ethylamino]decane dimethobromide page 360
Procedure 12-003: Preparation of Chemical agent 3-Carbpicolinyloxy dibromide
12-004. Bis-Picolinylmoxy dibromide; Chemical agent 4-686-293-02. Agent 1-8. 1,8-Bis[(3-dimethylcarbamoxy-a-picolinyl)ethylamino]octane dimethobromide page 364
Procedure 12-004: Preparation of Chemical agent Bis-Picolinylmoxy dibromide
12-005. EA-3209; Unixpropoxy-EX; 5-amino-2-{[5-(4-trimethylphenylammoniumphenoxy) pentyl]oxy}phenoxy-3,3-dimethylbutan-2yl methylphosphonate diiodide page 368
Procedure 12-005A: Preparation of EA-3209
Chapter 13: The preparation of intermediates used in the preparation of experimental and "Potential" warfare Nerve Agents page 379
13-001. Arsenic Fluorosulfonate; AS-FS; Marlin 109
Procedure 13-001A: Preparation of Arsenic fluorosulfonate
13-002. Calcium fluorosulfonate; Ca-FS; Trillon X1
Procedure 13-002A: Preparation of calcium fluorosulfonate
13-003. Phosphoryl Chloride; Phosphorus oxytrichloride; Phosphoric trichloride
Procedure 13-003A: Preparation of phosphoryl chloride
13-004. Thiophosphoryl chloride; Thiophosphoryl trichloride; Phosphorothioic trichloride
Procedure 13-004A: The preparation of thiophosphoryl chloride (hydrogen sulfide process)
Procedure 13-004B: The preparation of thiophosphoryl chloride (phosphorus pentasulfide process)
Procedure 13-004C: The preparation of thiophosphoryl chloride (Antimony trisulfide process)
13-005. Phosphoryl fluoride; Phosphorus oxy trifluoride; Phosphoric trifluoride
Procedure 13-005A: The preparation of Phosphoryl fluoride
13-006. Thiophosphoryl fluoride; Thiophosphorus oxy trifluoride; phosphorothioic trifluoride
Procedure 13-006A: The preparation of thiophosphoryl fluoride
13-007. Phosphorus pentafluoride; pentafluoro-l5-phosphane
Procedure 13-007A: Preparation of phosphorus pentafluoride
13-008. Phosphonitrillic dichloride; dichloro(nitrilo)-l5-phosphane
Procedure 13-008A: Preparation of phosphonitrillic dichloride
13-009. Phosphonitrillic difluoride; difluoro(nitrilo)-l5-phosphane
Procedure 13-009A: Preparation of phosphonitrillic difluoride
13-010. Ethyl Phosphoryl Chloride; Ethylphosphonic dichloride
Procedure 13-010A: Preparation of Ethyl phosphoryl chloride (Phosphine process)
Procedure 13-010B: Preparation of Ethyl phosphoryl chloride (Grignard Reagent process)
Procedure 13-010C: Preparation of Ethyl phosphoryl chloride (Aluminum chloride process)
13-011. Ethyl thiophosphoryl chloride; Ethylphosphonothioic dichloride
Procedure 13-011A: Preparation of Ethyl thiophosphoryl chloride
13-012. Ethyl phosphoryl fluoride; Ethylphosphonic difluoride
Procedure 13-012A: Preparation of Ethyl phosphoryl fluoride
13-013. Ethyl thiophosphoryl fluoride; Ethylphosphonothioic difluoride
Procedure 13-013A: Preparation of Ethyl thiophosphoryl fluoride
13-014. Diethyl phosphoryl chloride; diethylphosphinic chloride
Procedure 13-014A: Preparation of diethyl phosphoryl chloride
13-015. Diethyl thiophosphoryl chloride; diethylphosphinothioic chloride
Procedure 13-015A: Preparation of diethyl thiophosphoryl chloride
13-016. Diethyl phosphoryl fluoride; diethylphosphinic fluoride
Procedure 13-016A: Preparation of diethyl phosphoryl fluoride
13-017. Diethyl thiophosphoryl fluoride; diethylphosphinothioic fluoride
Procedure 13-017A: Preparation of diethyl thiophosphoryl fluoride
13-018. Phosphoryl dichlorofluoride; phosphoric dichloride fluoride
Procedure 13-018A: Preparation of phosphoryl dichlorofluoride
13-019. Panthion-1B; O,S-dimethyl ethylphosphonothioate
Procedure 13-019A: Preparation of O,S-dimethyl ethylphosphonothioate
13-020. Panthion-2B; O,S-dimethyl ethylphosphonodithioate
Procedure 13-020A: Preparation of O,S-dimethyl ethylphosphonodithioate
13-021. Phosphoryl dichlorocyanide: Phosphoryl nitriledichloride; phosphorocyanidic dichloride
Procedure 13-021A: Preparation of phosphoryl dichlorocyanide
13-022. Thiophosphoryl dichlorocyanide: Thiophosphoryl nitriledichloride; phosphorocyanidothioic dichloride
Procedure 13-022A: The preparation of thiophosphoryl dichlorocyanide
13-023. Nitron-2B; dimethylphosphoramidic dichloride
Procedure 13-023A: The preparation of dimethylphosphoramidic dichloride
13-024. ThioNitron-2B; dimethylphosphoramidothioic dichloride
Procedure 13-024A: The preparation of dimethylphosphoramidothioic dichloride
13-025. FluoroNitron-2B; dimethylphosphoramidic difluoride
Procedure 13-025A: The preparation of dimethylphosphoramidic difluoride
13-026. ThioFluoroNitron-2B; dimethylphosphoramidothioic difluoride
Procedure 13-026A: The preparation of dimethylphosphoramidothioic difluoride
Chapter 14: The preparation of experimental and "potential" nerve agents (Non-quaternary “nitrogen” ion containing)
14-001. Dimefox; Bis-(dimethylamino)-phosphoryl fluoride; N,N,N',N'-tetramethylphosphorodiamidic fluoride; Pestox XIV
Procedure 14-001A: The preparation of Dimefox page 481
14-002. Isofluorophate; XIL-90; Di-isopropyl fluorophosphonate; dipropan-2-yl phosphorofluoridate
Procedure 14-002A: The preparation of Di-isopropyl fluorophosphonate
14-003. VL-90; Nisulfram; S-[1-(dimethylamino)propan-2-yl] O-propan-2-yl ethylphosphonothioate
Procedure 14-003A: The preparation of Nisulfram
14-004. Fonafosmon; GN-12; 2-(methylsulfanyl)ethyl diethylphosphoramidofluoridate
Procedure 14-004A: The preparation of Fonafosmon
14-005. Xansten; N-[(ethylsulfanyl)(nitrilo)-l5-phosphanyl]-1-fluoro-N-methylmethanamine
Procedure 14-005A: The preparation of Xansten
14-006. Valfuluren; S-ethyl dimethylphosphoramidofluoridothioate
Procedure 14-006A: The preparation of Valfuluren
14-007. Zenofunstoff; N-[(dimethylamino)methyl]-N-[(methylsulfanyl)methyl]-P-propan-2-ylphosphonamidic cyanide
Procedure 14-007A: The preparation of Zenofunstoff
14-008. Lisvonfox; LL-54; N,N'-bis[(dimethylamino)methyl]-N,N'-dimethylphosphorodiamidic fluoride
Procedure 14-008A: The preparation of Lisvonfox page 506
14-009. Thiozinofin; propyl methyl(propyl)phosphoramidodithiofluoridate
Procedure 14-009A: The preparation of Thiozinofin
14-010. Vfuluren; VXL; O-[4-(dimethylamino)pentan-2-yl] S-propyl propan-2-ylphosphonothioate
Procedure 14-010A: The preparation of Vfuluren
14-011. Azacyclowolfrine; X-Agent LM; 3-{[fluoro(nitrilo)-l5-phosphanyl]oxy}-1-azabicyclo[2.2.2]octane
Procedure 14-011A: The preparation of Azacyclowolfrine page 518
14-012. BZX-XPF90-009; Tynarious; 1-azabicyclo[2.2.2]oct-3-yl hydroxy(diphenyl)acetate-ethylphosphonofluoridate
Procedure 14-012A: The preparation of Tynarious
14-013. Khunstiger; S-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl] methylphosphonocyanidothioate
Procedure 14-013A: The preparation of Khunstiger
14-014. Snuyfluorokin; ONP-1,1,1; O-(1,1,1-trifluoropropan-2-yl) N,N,P-trimethylphosphonamidothioate
Procedure 14-014A: The preparation of Snuyfluorokin
14-015. VL-44; OFC-11; Lunifunstog; O-propan-2-yl ethylphosphonothioate 2,2'-sulfanediylbis(N,N-dimethylethanamine)
Procedure 14-015A: The preparation of Lunifunstog
14-016. Khanfluorstock; NGV-12; S-[3-(dimethylamino)propyl] {[bis(chloromethyl)amino]methyl}methylphosphoramidofluoridothioate page 535
Procedure 14-016A: The preparation of Khanfluorstock
14-017. Vilhustkin; S-F109; [1-(dimethylamino)propan-2-yl][2-(methylsulfanyl)ethyl]phosphinic fluoride
Procedure 14-017A: The preparation of Vilhustkin
14-018. NPF-S12; Actinkinlum; 5-fluoro-1,3,5-dithiaphosphinane 5-oxide
Procedure 14-018A: The preparation of Actinkinlum
14-019. Clonstunem; CLA-09; [3,3-bis(dimethylamino)propyl]propan-2-ylphosphinic fluoride
Procedure 14-019A: The preparation of Clonstunem
14-020. Acutainious-XG; XG3; 3-[(2-butyl-2-fluoro-1-nitrilo-2-oxido-1l5,2l5-diphosphan-1-yl)oxy]-N,N-dimethylpropan-1-amine page 549
Procedure 14-020A: The preparation of Acutainious-XG
14-021. Omnioptious-NN; N'N"-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]-N,N-dimethylethane-1,2-diamino-S-propyl P-ethylphosphonamidothioate page 554
Procedure 14-021A: The preparation of Omnioptious-NN
Chapter 15: BZ
15-1. BZ; EA-2277; Ro-2-3308; 3-quinuclidinyl benzilate; 1-azabicyclo[2.2.2]octa-3-yl alpha-hydroxy-alpha-phenylbenzeneacetate; 1-azabicyclo[2.2.2]oct-3-yl hydroxy(diphenyl)acetate page 562
Procedure 15-1A: The preparation of BZ
Chapter 16: Ricin
16-1. Ricin
Chapter 17: Dissemination techniques and munitions
I. Aerosol Techniques (pressure release systems), the most effective method of dissemination of chemical warfare agents, especially agents that are solids at normal temperatures. page 586
Aerosol Warfare agent compositions (Table 1)
Aerosol Warfare agent compositions (Table 2)
Aerosol Warfare agent compositions (Table 3)
II. Smoke generating techniques (pyrotechnic devices)
Warfare agents and their pyrotechnic smoke producing compositions
III. Explosive techniques (explosives munitions)
IV. Special techniques (atomizers, humidifiers, and foggers)

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